Common frog

  • Scientific name: Rana temporaria
  • Type: Amphibians

Key information

Common frogs have smooth skin that varies in colour from grey, olive green and yellow to brown. They have irregular dark blotches, a dark stripe around their eyes and eardrum, and dark bars on their legs. They are able to lighten or darken their skin to match their surroundings.

This species is widespread in mainland Britain. Common frogs are most active at night, and hibernate during the winter in pond mud or under piles of rotting leaves, logs or stones. They can breathe through their skin as well as their lungs. They can emerge to forage during warm spells in the south west of the country. 

In spring males croak to attract females. The male embraces a female and fertilises her eggs as she lays them in shallow, still water – frogspawn is a familiar sight. Tadpoles hatch, and over about 16 weeks gradually change into froglets: a process known as metamorphosis.

What they eat:

What do frogs eat?

Adult frogs eat insects that they catch with their long, sticky tongue, and other invertebrates such as snails, slugs and worms.

What do tadpoles eat?

Young tadpoles feed on algae, but then become carnivorous.



Identifying features:

Natural habitats: Lawn/grassy area Meadow area Pond Woodland area

Where and when to see them

By the pond, in the meadow area and sometime the woodland area. Also by lakes, canals, meadows and woodland.

You may be able to spot the common frog all year round, although they are most commonly seen between March and October.

  • jan
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  • mar
  • apr
  • may
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  • aug
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  • nov
  • dec