Great spotted woodpecker Dendrocopus major, adult at nest hole, Lochwinnoch


There are over two hundred species of woodpecker and two species of wrynecks worldwide. Of these, three species of woodpecker and one species of wryneck are found in the UK.

Woodpeckers are small to large birds, mostly boldly-patterned, sharing features such as a chisel-like bill, round head, long tongue, stiff tail and two toes facing forwards and two back to give a better grip on rounded branches. Wrynecks are well-camouflaged, brown birds with shorter bills and normal tails.